Textile Printing Methods With Common Technology

Holes in the shape of the desired pattern are cut into a sheet of paper or other material. This sheet is placed over the textile that will receive the pattern. When dye ink, or paint is applied over the stencil sheet, only the pattern holes allow the colour to reach the textile.

 screenprinting

Screen Printing, This method is a kind of advanced version of a stencil that uses a woven mesh. An impermeable material is applied to portions of the screen to form the stencil.The areas without the coating serve as the holes of the stencil. A squeegee is then used to force ink through the mesh and onto the heat transfer paper textile. This is one of the most flexible methods of printing, and as a result it is also one of the most common. 

roller heat press machine

Roll to roll heat transfer machine.  This is a mechanical form of printing that can produce large quantities of a repeating pattern quickly. Cylindrical rollers are engraved with the desired pattern in relief. Ink is applied to the engraving so that when it rolls over the textile, it transfers the pattern.   

Image result for Block Printing dye printing

Block Printing dye printing.  This is one of the predecessors to roller printing, and is also one of the oldest forms of printing. Instead of a roller, the pattern is engraved onto a flat block of wood, rubber, or some other firm material. A rubber stamp that you use to mark documents is essentially a type of block printing. Since each block can only be used for one colour at a time, multi-coloured patterns require multiple blocks. Block printing is a slow process, but it can still produce interesting and creative results.